Diseases of the Urethra

Urethral Stricture

Urethral stricture means a reduction or complete blockage of the urethral canal.



Urethral Calculus

The presence of calculi at the urethral level is a rare occurrence...



Lichen Sclerosus

Lichen Sclerosus, also known as Balanitis Xerotica Obliterans (BXO), is a skin disease characterised by chronic inflammation.



Urethral Fistula

The urethral fistula is the connection between the reconstructed neourethra and the outside...



Urethral Tumors

Tumors of the male urethra are extremely rare. In men, the maximum incidence is observed in people 58 years of age. The detection of oncogenic forms of the Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) in the genome of urethral tumors is perhaps the primary factor causing the disease.
In men, these tumors are very insidious. They invade their adjacent structures early and are often not diagnosed until they reach a more advanced stage.

Only rarely does the patient experience hematuria (red blood cells in the urine) or urinary blood loss. Frequently, the patient describes a gradual first appearance of symptoms indicating urinary obstruction. In most men, the first clinical appearance is indistinguishable from that of benign urethral stricture; the patient will then be subjected to a simple dilation procedure without ultimately investigating further. In more advanced cases, it is sometimes possible to feel a perineal or penile mass; in more extreme cases, a growing mass with urethral fistulisation is detected.

In general, 60% of urethral tumors occur at a urethral membrane level, 30% in the penile urethra and 10% at the prostatic urethral level.

 

Congenital Urethral Disorders



Hypospadias

Hypospadias is a congenital penile malformation ...



Failed Hypospadias

The term "failed hypospadias" generally refers to adult patients who have undergone various interventions to repair hypospadias and have since developed urethral and penile complications.

www.failedhypospadias.com



Epispadias

A rare congenital malformation (1 / 30,000 newborns) that is characterised by the presence of urinary meatus not at the tip of the glans, but on the back face of the penis.



Urethral Valves

Urethral valves are constituted by an abnormal development of the urethral mucous membrane. They are generally frequent at the posterior urethra.

The abnormality occurs when the urethral valves, which are small layers of tissue, have a tight slit, such that the opening partially blocks urine flow.

Reverse flow then occurs, which can affect all organs of the urinary tract including the urethra, bladder, ureters and kidneys, causing tissue and cell damage.



Double Urethra

What is a double urethra?



Urethral Diverticulum

What is a urethral diverticulum?

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