Penile Diseases

Congenital Penile Curvature

Congenital malformation of the penis due to asymmetrical development of the corpora cavernosa (cavernous bodies)...

Acquired Penile Curvature or Induratio Penis Plastica or Peyronie's Disease

Peyronie's Disease is named after the French surgeon François Gogot de Peyronie, who described it for the first time in 1743.


Ventral Penile Curvature

Lichen Sclerosus

Lichen Sclerosus, also known as Balanitis Xerotica Obliterans (BXO), is a skin disease characterised by chronic inflammation.

Penile Tumors

Penile tumors are a fortunately rare, but nevertheless very invasive pathology caused by the malignant transformation of epithelial cells of the penile skin. It appears in about 1 in very 100,000 males in western countries and is almost non-existent in communities that practise circumcision at birth (common among Jews and in the United States) or before puberty (frequent in Muslim communities). The numbers are bigger in developing countries. We have not recognised all the symptoms characterising the disease. However, nodules and painful, itchy and red--but rarely bleeding--areas (which will not subside with the use of antibiotics or cortisones) can appear. In cases of more advanced tumors, palpable masses can be felt in the groin area. The glans and prepuce are the most common areas.
It is not easy to determine all the possible factors that contribute to the development of these tumors; many studies have identified some causes linked to hygiene habits, sexually-transmitted infections, diseases such as Zoon balanitis or Lichen Sclerosus and some predisposing factors that are non-hereditary. The Human Papillomavirus (HPV) that causes genital warts increases the risk of the onset of penile tumors.
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